The rights of a EU citizen

A citizen of one of the European Union Member States is at the same time a European Union citizen. Therefore, Polish citizens are at the same time European Union citizens. Acquiring EU citizenship happens automatically when the citizenship of any Member State (for example Poland) is granted, with no need to meet any other requirements. One cannot acquire EU citizenship without acquiring the citizenship of one of the Member States. Similarly, it is not possible to renounce EU citizenship without renouncing the national citizenship of a EU Member State. It is irrelevant, from the point of view of EU citizenship, whether or not a person holds some other citizenship apart from that of a EU Member State. The only critical factor is to hold the citizenship of any EU Member State. Other Member States are obliged to accept that fact and cannot subject the rights resulting from EU citizenship to meeting other requirements specified in their national citizenship code. For example, a person who acquires Polish citizenship in accordance with Polish law is automatically granted the EU citizenship recognized by all other EU Member States.

European Union citizens enjoy the rights granted by the Union regulations. The most important ones among these include:

  • The right to move and reside within the territory of European Union states.
  • The right to take up employment within European Union territory.
  • The right to perform entrepreneurial activities within European Union territory.
  • The right to take part, actively and passively, in the elections to the European Parliament.
  • The right to diplomatic and consular protection of European Union citizens.