- Polish citizenship, Polish passport - Legal service

Polish citizenship guide


Refusal to issue a visa

Consular officer may refuse to issue a visa to a foreigner if the latter does not fulfil the conditions necessary to obtain a visa, namely s/he does not have the relevant documents or s/he uses falsified or counterfeit documents. Another reason for refusing the issuance of a visa may also be recognizing the foreigner’s stay in Poland or other Schengen zone country as undesirable, threatening state security, etc.

The list below presents detailed reasons for the refusal to issue a Schengen visa as well as a national visa by the consular officer. The reasons have been defined separately for each type of visa. It is a natural consequence of the fact that the requirements for a foreigner to obtain both types of visas are different.

Accordingly, the foreigner may be denied Schengen visa, when, for example:

• s/he presents a false, counterfeit or forged travel document (passport);

• s/he does not submit appropriate documents to justify the purpose and conditions of their stay;

• s/he fails to provide the evidence of sufficient means of subsistence (monetary means) adequate to the duration of their intended stay and the means that allow to return to the country of origin;

• s/he is regarded as a person whose presence poses a threat to public order, internal security, public health or international relations of any of the Schengen countries;

• where applicable – s/he does not provide the evidence of an adequate and valid travel medical insurance;

• the authenticity of additional documents submitted by the foreigner, their accuracy or their content raise serious doubts.

Consul of the Republic of Poland may refuse to issue a national visa to a foreigner in the following cases:

• when s/he does not have sufficient means of subsistence for the duration of intended stay in Poland and for his/her return to the country of origin (residence);

• when the foreigner does not have an adequate health insurance;

• when the foreigner’s data appears on the list of foreigners whose stay in Poland is undesirable;

• when issuing a visa to the foreigner would result in a threat to national defence or national security, to the protection of security and public order or would undermine the interests of Poland;

• when the foreigner does not justify the planned stay in Poland; does not submit the appropriate travel document or when it is proved that in the course of visa application s/he presented false information, has testified untruthfully or has concealed the truth.

When the consul issues a decision that denies Schengen or national visa to the foreigner, the latter is entitled to request a reconsideration by the same authority, namely by the Polish consul. Such a request must be made within 7 days from the date when the foreigner was served with the decision to deny the issuance of a visa.

If the decision to refuse to grant a Schengen visa is issued at the border by the commanding officer of the Border Guard, the foreigner can appeal against it to the Chief Commander of the Border Guard within 14 days of the receipt of this decision.