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Polish citizenship guide


Residence of up to 3 months

An EU citizen holding a valid passport or ID and his/her family member holding a valid passport exercise the right to reside within the territory of one of the European Union Member States for a maximum period of three months without any further formalities.

Yet this right is conditioned by the fact that he/she cannot become a burden on the welfare system of the Member State he/she resides in. A Member State is not obliged to offer a EU citizen welfare support (dole, supplementary support and the like) within the first three months of his/her residence.

If a citizen applies for welfare aid from the accepting state, this cannot lead to his/her immediate deportation. Nevertheless, the accepting state can assess whether the person experiences temporary difficulties or is likely to be in need of welfare aid further on. In the latter case, the authorities of the accepting state may decide to deport the EU citizen.