Real property in Poland

The Polish legal system distinguishes three types of real property:

  • immovable property - land,
  • building real estate - buildings,
  • housing estate - premises.

Immovable property – it is a part of the earth’s surface that constitutes a separate object of ownership (land). One can distinguish agricultural land, namely land used for agricultural activities and non-agricultural land such as urban areas, intended for development.

Building real estate – can be defined as the buildings permanently connected with land, where, under special provisions, they constitute separate subject of ownership from the land.

Housing real estate – can be defined as housing premises (flats) or commercial premises for purposes other than housing ones (e.g. for conducting business activity).