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Polish citizenship guide

 
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The abolition of border controls within the Schengen zone

A characteristic feature of the Schengen zone is the abolition of the control at the internal borders of Member States. This means that the crossing points at internal land borders of the Schengen zone have been removed because it became possible to cross them in any place and at any time. Importantly, the freedom to cross internal borders concerns both the citizens of Schengen Member States, as well as third country nationals. All of them can move freely within the territory of the Member States of the Schengen zone. However, they must have the documents that entitle them to such a stay. These documents are as follows:

• in the case of nationals of the EU Member States, it is a valid travel document (passport) or identity document (ID),
• in relation to foreigners from third countries (non EU Member States) the documents that are required are: passport and, possibly, a visa.

It is necessary to have the above documents when crossing the border of the Schengen zone as well as during the stay in the territory of a Member State. The abolition of border controls within the Schengen zone caused the so-called increased mobile checks of foreigners – citizens of third countries which are carried out also in the Polish territory. The checks are conducted to verify whether the citizens that stay in the Schengen zone have documents which authorize them to enter and stay in this zone.