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Polish citizenship guide

 
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Polish Citizenship Act of 1962

Important information
See Polish Citizenship Act of 1962 - current version
 
See Polish Citizenship Act of 1962 - first version

The Polish Citizenship Act from February 15th, 1962 replaced the previous Act of 1951. The new Act has the same regulations as the previous Act when it comes to the basis citizenship issues. The Act has been modified several times since its declaration. In accordance with the first version of the Polish Citizenship Act of 1962, the basic regulations concerning acquiring Polish citizenship were:

1. Acquiring Polish citizenship by birth: a child acquired Polish citizenship if both parents were Polish citizens or one of the parents was a Polish citizen and the other was unknown or his/her citizenship was undefined or he/she did not have any citizenship. In the case when one of the parents was a Polish citizen and the other was a citizen of another country then the child acquired Polish citizenship. However, the parents could also choose for their child the citizenship of the country of which one parent was a citizen on condition that the law of that country allowed acquiring its citizenship in such a way.

2. Acquiring Polish citizenship by being born on the Polish territory: a child born or found in Poland acquired Polish citizenship if both parents were unknown or their citizenship was undefined or they did not have any citizenship.

3. Acquiring Polish citizenship by repatriation: persons who came to Poland as repatriates acquired Polish citizenship in accordance with the law. A repatriate was a foreigner of Polish nationality who came to Poland with an aim of permanent residency and obtained consent from a relevant Polish authority to do it. The repatriates’ children also acquired Polish citizenship if they remained under their parents’ authority. If, however, only one parent was a repatriate then the child acquired Polish citizenship only within consent of the other parent. The consent had to be submitted before a relevant Polish authority.

4. Acquiring Polish citizenship by granting of citizenship (naturalization): a foreigner could apply to the Polish authorities for granting of Polish citizenship if he/she had resided in Poland for at least 5 years. This decision was issued by the State Council (Rada Państwa).

5. Acquiring Polish citizenship by recognition: a relevant authority could recognize persons of undefined citizenship who had resided in Poland for at least 5 years as Polish citizens. The recognition applied to the person’s children if they resided in Poland.

As previously mentioned, the Act of 1962 has been modified several times. The current regulations define the following rules of acquiring Polish citizenship:

  • Acquiring Polish citizenship by birth,
  • Acquiring Polish citizenship by a child found on Polish territory,
  • Acquiring Polish citizenship by granting of citizenship (naturalization) or recognition,
  • Acquiring Polish citizenship by submitting a declaration by a person entitled to do so.

More in: Polish citizenship.
More about regulations concerning loss of Polish citizenship in accordance with the Polish Citizenship Act of 1962 in: Regulations in force from August 22nd, 1962 to December 31st, 1998 and Regulations in force since January 1st, 1999.